10 surprising information about weight loss — the professor tells you what to believe and what not
1. New information on the dangers of obesity
According to one study, obesity is also a health risk for a normal weight, and even more dangerous than the risks associated with actual overweight and obesity. The researchers found that the risk of dying during the study was highest in those participants who were of normal weight but obese.
Another study found that waist obesity predicted mortality in the elderly better than body mass index.
Waist obesity is when the circumference of the waist is more than 90 cm for a woman and more than 100 cm for a man. In Finland, at least one third of people over the age of 30 meet these criteria.
- The result of the study of the elderly in particular is significant. With them, muscle loss can mess up the entire body mass index: when muscles disappear, they often leave the legs and hands, but fat remains in the stomach. Instead of a weight index, maybe we should start looking more at the waist circumference, because that is where the risk comes from more than weight, Kirsi Pietiläinen says.
2. Whole grains can reduce energy intake
Whole grains can help with weight management because they can reduce energy intake compared to industrial grains. In the experiment, participants followed a diet containing whole grains for six weeks and another diet containing six cereals for six weeks. According to the analysis, eating whole grains expelled more energy from the feces than eating industrial grains. The reduction averaged 92 kilocalories per day. Whole grains could also improve participants ’glucose metabolism.
- Whole grain cereals have many good properties, and apparently one of its benefits comes through the intestinal microbiota.
Whole grain products can help with weight management. PHOTO: VLADIMIR ENGEL
3. The dieter collapses in a restaurant
A year-long American study examined attractive foods, and related behaviors. Using the phone app, the researchers followed overweight subjects who were trying to follow a diet prescribed to them. Subjects were asked to log into the app whenever they ate or planned to eat foods that were not part of their diet plan. It turned out that the risk of succumbing to temptation was about 60 percent higher in restaurants and in the company of other eating people.
- The finding sounds plausible. This can involve mirror cells in the human brain that mimic what others do — for better or worse.
4. Sleep deprivation makes you eat more
Short sleeps may cause people to eat more than usual, and if the situation persists for a long time, this can predispose to the accumulation of excess pounds. According to the study, subjects exposed to sleep deprivation ate about 400 kilocalories more than usual the next day.
- Rest and sleep have become important in weight management alongside diet and exercise. Appetite studies with brain imaging have shown that sleep deprivation increases hunger and especially carbohydrate cravings.
Sleep deprivation makes a person eat more. PHOTO: PEKKA SAKKI
5. Is “healthy fat” a myth?
According to a Chinese study, obesity increases heart risks even when a patient does not have obesity-related metabolic disorders such as hypertension, diabetes, or cholesterol problems. The researchers’ observation suggests that so-called healthy obesity would indeed be a myth.
- An overweight person usually has many things in the body that a normal weight person does not. It may be that even if the changes are not reflected in cholesterol or sugar, there are some other processes underway that are not just being measured. It’s obvious that the variation is huge: there are healthier and sicker obese people.
6. New information on the fattening of sugar molluscs
According to a Swedish study, sugar molluscs are obese, especially those who are genetically susceptible to obesity. Those who consumed sugary drinks were fatter than others, and the stronger the connection, the more sugar drinks they consumed. This was particularly evident in carriers of obesity genes.
According to a U.S. study, sugar mucus accumulates fat, especially at the waist. Visceral, or visceral fat, accumulated in all participants during the six-year follow-up, but based on computer imaging, the increase was greatest with daily gluten-free lines. They accumulated nearly 30 percent more fat than those who hardly ever drank sugar drinks.
- Both observations are probably true. Obesity genes are most often appetite genes, meaning they can increase sweet cravings. The effect is likely to come from the fact that people with a lot of these genes find it really hard not to eat treats.
According to a U.S. study, sugar mucus accumulates fat, especially at the waist.
7. Sweeteners help the dieter
Low-energy and sugar-free sweeteners can help with weight loss and weight management, a joint analysis of data from previous studies shows. According to the analysis, those who use artificially sweetened and low-energy foods have reduced energy intake and are more likely to lose weight than those who consume sugary foods and beverages. In the past, sweeteners have also been suspected of increasing pound buildup.
- Sweeteners evoke emotions, but I sign this, and there is evidence of this before.
8. Married couples gain weight together
An obese spouse increases his or her partner’s risk of gaining weight, according to a U.S. study. The results are based on 25 years of follow-up of nearly 4,000 married couples. The risk of a normal-weight spouse becoming overweight was about double if his or her spouse gained significant weight during follow-up. The same observation was made in both men and women.
The study did not reveal exactly what the observed connection is due to, but it is likely to follow from changes in lifestyles and life situations that are common in a long-term relationship.
- Isn’t it about common ways of life? We eat together and we don’t move together. A partner’s obesity can also have a psychological effect — then it can be easier to think that you don’t have to fight yourself.
9. Vegetables are less favored by obese people
According to three major health studies, fruits and vegetables curb the accumulation of pounds. Those who eat a lot of vegetables do not gain as much weight with age as those who eat more unhealthily. The researchers believe the effect is largely due to the flavonoids and flavonols contained in fruits and vegetables.
10. Too big a goal can help you lose weight
According to a British study, an unrealistic weight loss goal helps with weight loss. According to it, weight loss is more likely to succeed if you set yourself an unrealistic goal. The study looked at 24,000 overweight people. They committed to a diet program for a year, at the beginning of which they set themselves the ideal weight. It turned out that the higher a percentage of his weight a person wanted to drop, the higher a percentage he also dropped.
- This research result is exactly the opposite of the recommendations. Generally, small steps and intermediate goals are recommended for the dieter, as too large goals can be discouraging. It may happen that if you can’t get to a 30 pound drop, then you don’t want to aim to lose even five pounds. Of course, it is possible that for some large steps are suitable and for others small.